[A lady walks on the well-manicured sidewalks of one of the two downtowns of Maple Grove.]
I've long been fascinated with Maple Grove, Minnesota, one of the northwest suburbs of Minneapolis. It's a 50K population city with a few corporate HQ's out past the beltway, and they've arguably done more than any other suburban Twin City to try to create a downtown area in the midst of the sprawl.
For example, the city built a semi-large shopping development area called Main Street, where the city lay down a stretch of well-sidewalk'd commercial space: a long stretch of one- and two-story retail, a new library, the city hall, and a few residential complexes in the distant background.
[Hanging flowerbaskets, fences, street trees, faux two-story buildings, and inset brick crosswalks and sidewalks adorn the streets of Main Street Maple Grove.]
[A slightly mixed-use building with actual second story office space above restaurants and shops in Main Street Maple Grove.]
[Delicate overhanging signage and flowerbeds along intricately patterned brick walkways in Main Street Maple Grove.]
One criticism of the Main Street area would surely be that it is surrounded by parking lots. Commercial streets in the city are centers of density in the midst of residential neighborhoods, all connected to them by a network of trafficked sidewalks and streets. The Maple Grove Main Street downtown is pretty much an island in a sea of parking, shopping, and road infrastructure, so that if you look down the street past the edges of these buildings you'll see something akin to the Grand Canyon, or the blank wall of a nearby PetSmart or Best Buy. It gives the streets a strange feel of isolation that feels very different from a comprable place like 50th and France in Edina.
Or, on the other hand, if you look down the road in the direction of the big highway, you'll see Maple Grove's other downtown, the Shoppes at Arbor Lakes (and the big AMC movie theater), which surrounds the large parking garage that forms the Maple Grove Transit Center. The Shoppes is one of these new 'outdoor malls', a privately-controlled and privately-owned space the is meant to look like its a nice little village downtown. (There are similar efforts in Woodbury, and in similarly demographic'd cities all over the country.) It's a mall in the sense that it has all the private ownership structure, and all the stores are the corporate retail chains you'd find at a place like Southdale. But it's a 'downtown' in the sense that it is outside, has sidewalks, benches, a plaza, public events, and streets (with parking places) that run through its middle.
A criticism of this space would have to mention its lack of diversity of uses, and its private control, the way in which there's not much to do in this space other than go shopping. Also, I am assuming that there are more stringent restrictions on the kinds of speech and behavior that can take place, because the streets are privately owned by a single company.
[A decorated roundabout with ornate lamposts, hanging flowerbaskets, flowerpots, ornate brickwork, and a pillared trellis adorn the streets of the Shoppes at Arbor Lakes in Maple Grove.]
[A nice sidewalk tree with flowers and music speakers blaring commercial pop planted in the sidewalks of the Shoppes at Arbor Lakes in Maple Grove.]
[A private security guard ensures the safety of teenage girls at the Shoppes at Arbor Lakes in Maple Grove.]
[A mother takes especial care crossing the street while walking from the parking lot to the Shoppes at Arbor Lakes in Maple Grove.]
Comparing the two downtowns, there's a way that they're not much different. They're both good 'new urbanist' sidewalk spaces compared to your traditional second-ring suburban space: they have 'public' spaces, they make you walk around, they make you encounter others people, they are attempts to bring some urban pedestrian life into the landscape of suburban auto-dependency.
Sidewalks shouldn't be limited to certain kinds of cities, or certain kinds of spaces (older spaces). They should be everywhere, because walking is interesting, fun and healthy, and people should be able to walk to and from their shopping malls, libraries, city halls, restaurants, and walk from place to place in Maple Grove.
But these two downtowns are actually pretty different. The public Main Street has stores I've never seen before, and its streets have a very different sensibility. Some of the buildings don't just have facades of second storys, but actually do contain second story office spaces where (presumably) people like lawyers and accountants are working from 9 to 5.
There are sidewalk cafes (one or two, very small), and there's a Dunn Bros coffee shop. There are some decent restaurants.
Also, finally, there is a distinct lack of people in this Main Street (at least at noon o'clock, when I was there). For some reason (maybe because nobody lives or works anywhere near here), people don't tend to flock to Main Street during the day.
But I walked over to the private downtown (the Shoppes) and there were many more people going into and out of the Trader Joe's, teenagers hanging around, (mostly) women going into a few stores. There was a private security guard, presumably paid by the business owners to keep any unsightly people out of the privately-controlled downtown. (The public Main Street, on the other hand, hand, would probably have to obey some sort of free speech laws.) You definitely got the sense that there were very different procedures and rules for what kind of things could occupy these two superficially similar downtowns. The Main Street had a teddy bear sitting in a chair on the sidewalk. The mall street would never have anything that didn't match it's branding image.
Or am I wrong? Is there not much that's different about these two spaces? There's a way that private control and private interest drives a ton of the ostensibly 'public' spaces in our cities, and (let's face it) Maple Grove isn't exactly the poster child for diversity. Both downtown areas were pretty much uniformly devoted to shopping, and I'm sure were equally policed, limited, and restricted in the kinds of use they encourage. Both were a far cry from the 'public' space you might find in South Minneapolis or somewhere like Richfield.
Maybe the only difference was that the private Shoppes street had little speakers embedded in its sidewalk flowerpots, blaring out a constant stream of Top 40 hits? Maybe the only difference was the extra 'e' and 'p' in the shops of the privately-owned downtown? Is the line between public and private really so thin?